Review of the HIV/AIDS Situation in Estonia, 2000
Published: 06.03.06 Updated: 07.03.2006 09:09:52
Health Protection Instpectorata, Estonia
While, during 1988 – 1999, the HIV reported rates were fairly low and stable in Estonia, they were rapidly increasing in Eastern Europe, specially in neighbouring Russia, where the epidemic has been driven mostly by HIV transmission among IDUs.
The situation changed dramatically since September 2000 and by the end of the year 2000 there were notified 390 newly diagnosed HIV cases in Estonia (27,1 per 100 000). Approximately 90% of the HIV-infected persons were IDUs and 19,7% prisoners. Most affected was the age group 15-24 years. Overall, men-women ratio was 3:1, specially in age group 15-19 years – 2:1, 20-24 years – 4:1 and 25-29 years – 10:1. HIV age prevalence reached 2,7% in the age group 0-14 years, 38,2% - in the age group 15-19 years, 42,2% - in the age group 20-24 years and 9,2% - in the age group 25-29 years.
The highest number of newly diagnosed HIV-infection cases was notified in North-East Estonia: HIV-infection prevalence was 77,4% in Narva, 14,3% in Kohtla-Jarve and 6,4% in the capital Tallinn.